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Former York Naval Ordnance Plant

Former York Naval Ordnance Plant (fYNOP) is first site in the nation to be cleaned up under joint federal and state program.

The federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) confirmed that the fYNOP is the first in the nation to volunteer and enroll in the One Cleanup Program. Under this agreement, reached in July 2005, the state and federal governments will work closely to streamline and accelerate the cleanup of the affected soil and groundwater at the fYNOP.

The U.S. Navy and others under contract to the federal government are the historic owners and operators of the fYNOP. Therefore the federal government bears a portion of the cost for remediation of the site. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is their representative.

Cleanup of contaminated sites across the nation is taking a long time. Conflicting requirements among federal and state agencies has contributed to inconsistent and duplicative cleanup approaches, often resulting in inefficiency and confusion. EPA is leading the One Cleanup Program initiative in response to these concerns. The goal of the One Cleanup Program is to improve the coordination, speed, and effectiveness of the cleanup activities. New legislation is not required.

The EPA, PADEP, Harley-Davidson, and USACE have established procedures for the coordinated review of reports for the fYNOP and responses from the two agencies. Paul Gotthold, Director of Operations for EPA, Region III said, "Harley-Davidson has taken their environmental responsibilities very seriously and has already made substantial progress in the investigation and cleanup of past contamination.......... Under the new One Cleanup Program, Harley, EPA, and PADEP will expedite the completion of the property investigation and reach a final solution that will permanently protect human health and the environment."

Pennsylvania's Land Recycling Program will serve as a 'one-stop shop' for state and federal standards guiding the cleanup of industrial sites. After signing the agreement, PADEP Secretary Kathleen A. McGinty said, "Harley-Davidson has been proactive in cleaning up groundwater and soil contamination at the facility. It is exactly this kind of environmentally conscious firm, which provides good paying jobs for Pennsylvania citizens, that we want to help by streamlining the environmental cleanup procedures through this agreement with the EPA."

Harley-Davidson believes that its enrollment in the One Cleanup Program demonstrates the company’s continued commitment to improve the Site since its acquisition in 1981. Extensive investigations and corrective measures had been performed under supervision of the PADEP and the USEPA prior to entering the One Cleanup Program. These measures included the installation and operation of a groundwater extraction and treatment system. Under the One Cleanup Program, Harley-Davidson is further committed to conducting additional work necessary to meet PADEP and USEPA requirements. Harley-Davidson will continue to carry out the pre-existing cleanup program that is being conducted under an agreement by which the U.S. Navy shares in the cost of the clean up. 

The EPA and the PADEP approved the Supplemental Remedial Investigation (SRI) Report for Soils in March 2010. The SRI Report for Soils sets forth the full results of the environmental investigation into contaminated soils on the site.

A site-wide Soil Risk Assessment (RA) report was submitted to EPA and PADEP in March 2012.  EPA and PADEP approved the RA report in letters dated July 9, and 10, 2012, respectively. The RA Report analyzes the potential human exposure risks associated with the levels of contamination found as part of the SRI.  Currently, there are no unacceptable risks to human health related to contaminated soil at the fYNOP.

The SRI Report for Groundwater – Part 1 was submitted to the EPA and PADEP in September 2011 and approved by EPA on February 2, 2012 and PADEP on February 3, 2012. The SRI for Groundwater – Part 1 recommended certain additional investigation activities.  These additional investigations are detailed in a Field Sampling Plan (FSP) for the SRI for Groundwater – Part 2 that was submitted to EPA and PADEP during April 2012.  The SRI for Groundwater – Part 2 was initiated in 2012 and is complete. The Draft SRI for Groundwater - Part 2 Report was issued to EPA and PADEP during September 2016. The Final SRI for Groundwater - Part 2 Report will address and incorporate EPA and PADEP comments and will be issued during the first quarter of 2018.

A Draft Groundwater Human Health RA (GWHHRA) was submitted to EPA and PADEP during November 2016. The Final GWHHRA, addressing and incorporating EPA and PADEP comments, will be issued during the first quarter 2018.

The results of the Soil and Groundwater SRIs and the Soils and Groundwater RA will form the basis for the selection of future cleanup actions. An analysis of potential remedial alternatives was initiated during 2014. It is anticipated that the Remedial Alternative Analysis (RAA) report will be issued during late 2018.

A Groundwater Treatment System has operated at fYNOP for more than 25 years.  A continual optimization program is implemented to evaluate the reliability, efficiency and operation of each component of the treatment system.  Special emphasis is placed on spill prevention and detection, compliance with applicable permits, operational reliability, and operation and maintenance efficiency. It is anticipated that the Groundwater Treatment System will continue to operate for several years into the future. 

The USACE, in response to the Military Munitions Response Program (MMRP) for formerly used defense sites, determined that remedial investigation work was recommended at various locations at the site. Although no hazard exists to the public, the fYNOP has implemented precautionary measures (such as signs, locks, barricades and fencing) to secure old building structures and potential ordnance hazard areas from contact with employees and contractors. Under an agreement with the U.S. Government to complete the investigation and clean-up of the former munitions areas at fYNOP, Harley-Davidson performs and manages this work with input from the USACE.

In 2016, a work plan to conduct Phase 2 of the remedial investigation (RI) of the Munitions Response Areas at the fYNOP was submitted to and approved by the regulators, and the RI field work was completed in early 2017. This work identified several ordnance items requiring removal or detonation. Submittal of the RI report is anticipated in late 2017, and an RAA will be prepared for the MMRP areas during 2018.

For more information on the One Cleanup Program visit the EPA website, http://www.epa.gov/oswer/onecleanupprogram.